The ginkgo tree is also known by the name of the maidenhair tree. It is a deciduous, broadleaf tree. Ginkgo trees can reach 50 to 80 feet in height. The leaves of the tree start off green but turn gold in the fall.
The ginkgo tree is resistant to urban pollution and disease, so it makes a good choice for planting on city streets. Ginkgo biloba trees have medicinal and culinary uses. For example, the extract from leaves may be used to treat short-term memory loss. The tree is recognized as the oldest living tree on earth and has been used by humans for over 3,000 years.