Some fast-growing shade trees includes hybrid poplar, red maple, American sycamore, Leyland cypress and river birch. These trees will not only provide quick shady retreat, but also furnish a display that will add visual interest to home landscaping, as stated by the Arbor Day Foundation.
The hybrid poplar is one of the most recommended fast growing shade trees and can grow up to eight feet per year. The tree is also disease resistant, tolerates poor soil and highly adaptable to the environment.
Along with casting shade, the red maple also adds a burst of color in the fall, with the leaves turning vibrant red before dropping. The growth rate of the tree is about three to five feet per year with medium to fast growth rate.
The American sycamore is often referred to as the American planetree. It has a whitish mottled bark and can grow symmetrically to be quite large. The tree can also grow as much as six feet per year.
Leyland cypress trees are usually planted in rows to form a wall-like arrangement because each individual tree is slender. The drooping evergreen branch form is unique and attractive and can double as a privacy screen.
River birches bear yellow foliage in autumn and also have attractive bark. This type of tree can be grown across a wider swath of zones in temperate regions because it is heat tolerant.