Polyurethane glue, silicone rubber adhesive and flexible cement are ideal for use with fabric because they offer a flexible bond, do not require clamping and bond well with cotton and other textiles. Other glues, such as polyvinyl acetate glue or household epoxies, are inflexible and need to be set.
HowStuffWorks explains that craftspeople use many different types of chemicals as adhesive agents and that each chemical class has its own set of advantages and disadvantages for certain applications and materials. Any glue that does not form a quick, flexible bond makes a poor fabric adhesive since consumers expect flexibility in clothing and textile materials. Epoxies and other hard-setting glues, however, are ideal for wood, metal and tough plastics that need a tight, inflexible bond.
Another benefit that polyurethane glue, silicone rubber adhesive and some flexible cements share is quick curing time without the need for clamping. Glues that form a strong bond only when placed between two objects and clamped together tightly do not tend to work well with fabric. Additionally, craftspeople can purchase some types of fabric adhesives in a variety of colors or color over them to match the shade of the textiles being bound together for greater aesthetic appeal.