Building Materials

A:

Cement dries in stages that take about 30 days to complete. It takes one to two days for cement to dry enough for people to walk on and five to seven days before people can drive on it.

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  • How do you drywall over an existing brick fireplace?

    Q: How do you drywall over an existing brick fireplace?

    A: Installing drywall over a brick fireplace helps to cover unsightly brick and give the home a modern feel. The entire process takes several days. In addition to drywall, you need masonry nails, joint compound, drywall tape and finishing tools.
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  • How do I make concrete forms for a sidewalk?

    Q: How do I make concrete forms for a sidewalk?

    A: According to Family Handyman, you make concrete forms for sidewalks by lining the length of the planned sidewalk with 1 1/2-inch boards along the straight areas of the sidewalk, and flexible hardwood siding along curved portions. To prevent the forms from bulging under the weight of the concrete when it's poured, place stakes at regular intervals along the form's length to provide outside support.
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  • What is bitumen used for?

    Q: What is bitumen used for?

    A: Bitumen is primarily used to pave roads. It is a brown or black mixture of hydrocarbons, which is derived from petroleum. The consistency of bitumen varies from viscous to solid, and in its solid form, it is commonly known as asphalt.
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  • How long does it take for grout to set?

    Q: How long does it take for grout to set?

    A: Grout must set for 15 to 30 minutes before it is wiped for the first time and another 3 hours before it is wiped a second time, according to BobVila.com. In both stages, the grout should be wiped with a wet sponge to remove excess grout on the tile.
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  • What materials are bathtubs made of?

    Q: What materials are bathtubs made of?

    A: The most common materials used to make bathtubs are porcelain, acrylic, fiberglass, enameled cast iron and cast polymer, according to About.com. Each material creates a different look, weight and feel for the tub.
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  • What is cardboard made from?

    Q: What is cardboard made from?

    A: According to the Free Dictionary, cardboard is made from either pasted sheets of paper or the pulp derived from pressed paper pieces. Therefore, cardboard can contain a wide variety of different paper types and thicknesses.
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  • How many square feet does one bundle of shingles cover?

    Q: How many square feet does one bundle of shingles cover?

    A: Depending on the weight of the shingles being used, a bundle of shingles covers between 20 and 33.33 square feet. The most commonly used bundle covers 33.33 square feet, according to Fine Homebuilding.
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  • What are some common defects in timber?

    Q: What are some common defects in timber?

    A: Common defects that occur in timber include knots, shakes, wind cracks, upsets, twisting, cupping, bowing, rot and insect damage. These defects are typically grouped into three categories: defects caused by natural forces, defects caused by defective seasoning and conversions and biological defects.
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  • How much does a pallet of bricks weigh?

    Q: How much does a pallet of bricks weigh?

    A: The weight of a pallet of bricks varies based on the size of the pallet, the type of bricks used and the number of bricks used. For instance, a pallet of red clay bricks stacked 4-feet high weighs significantly more than a pallet with a single layer of Lego bricks.
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  • How can you tell the difference between porcelain vs. ceramic tiles?

    Q: How can you tell the difference between porcelain vs. ceramic tiles?

    A: The main difference between porcelain and ceramic tile is that porcelain tile is that it is denser and less porous than ceramic tile. Porcelain tile can be used both indoors and outdoors due to its durability. Ceramic tiles are only recommended for interior walls and floors. If the area has a lot of traffic, porcelain tile should be used.
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  • How do I calculate how much gravel I need?

    Q: How do I calculate how much gravel I need?

    A: To calculate how much gravel is needed, measure the width and breadth of the area in feet, and determine the depth desired. Multiply the length times the width times the depth for the number of cubic feet, then divide that number by 27 to determine the needed cubic yards.
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  • What are the steps in laying vinyl flooring?

    Q: What are the steps in laying vinyl flooring?

    A: Vinyl flooring is an affordable option for remodeling a kitchen, bathroom or laundry room, and with some careful planning, can be installed in under a day with beautiful results. The process is made simple by taking accurate measurements, removing the old flooring and filling any cracks or holes, then removing base molding and installing your new vinyl material. After trimming to fit, apply adhesive and let dry under heavy pressure to ensure no air is trapped between the subfloor and the vinyl.
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  • What is the weight of a cinder block?

    Q: What is the weight of a cinder block?

    A: A standard gray 8-inch-by-8-inch-by-16-inch cinder block weighs about 37 pounds. This type of block has several variations and their weights are different based on these variations.
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  • What is marble used for?

    Q: What is marble used for?

    A: Marble is used for kitchen counters and kitchen counter inserts. It's also used for backsplashes, table tops, bathroom vanity tops, flooring, stairsteps and wall tiles, and it is sometimes used for statuary and in building construction. Marble is also used in cosmetics, papermaking and in the pharmaceutical industry.
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  • What is the standard bathtub measurements?

    Q: What is the standard bathtub measurements?

    A: The standard bathtub measures 60 inches long by 30 inches wide and has a depth of 14 inches. Bath tubs, however, come in a number of lengths, widths and depths to suit personal space and taste.
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  • What is the average square footage of a house?

    Q: What is the average square footage of a house?

    A: The United States Census states that the average square footage of a house is 2,598 square feet. The average house size has increased by more than 1,000 square feet in the last 40 years.
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  • How do you repair cracked glass?

    Q: How do you repair cracked glass?

    A: To repair cracked glass, mesh the broken pieces together using an epoxy glass glue. Apply a thin layer of glue to the cracked edges, and let it dry completely. Then, press the cracked pieces together for about twenty minutes. Pressure must not be applied on the repaired glass for at least 20 hours.
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  • What is the best way to cut carpet?

    Q: What is the best way to cut carpet?

    A: According to FamilyHandyman.com, the best way to cut carpet is to pull about a 3-foot strip off of the floor, fold this section over the carpet that is still secured to the floor and cut the carpet from the back. The best knife to used for this is a sharp utility knife. Be careful not to cut the baseboard or the walls while slicing the carpet.
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  • Why is glass a good insulator?

    Q: Why is glass a good insulator?

    A: Glass is a good electrical insulator because the electrons in the glass are tightly bound to the atoms and do not transfer easily, thus keeping electricity from moving through the glass. Conversely, good electrical conductors contain electrons that move freely.
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  • Does water damage wood?

    Q: Does water damage wood?

    A: Water can damage wood if the exposure to moisture is excessive, degrade and stain wood, and cause structural damage. Outdoor wood is at higher risk for water damage than indoor wood since it is continually exposed to outdoor elements.
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  • How can I remove scratches from glass?

    Q: How can I remove scratches from glass?

    A: Manually buffing the scratch with a wool polishing pad can remove scratches from glass; using an electric buffer on medium speed is also an option. Buffing is done with cerium oxide or jeweler's rouge. Manual buffing requires gentle motions and rubbing against the scratch to avoid breaking the glass.
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