General, Task, and Accent are examples of recessed lighting layouts. General lighting provides evenly distributed light throughout a room. Task lighting illuminates specific areas such as an office desk or a kitchen counter. Accent lighting showcases a special feature such as artwork or a fireplace mantle.
General, Task, and Accent layouts are often layered to create balanced lighting in a room. Each layer should have its own zone or method to control the lights. Rather than spacing each recessed light evenly across a room, the space between each recessed light should be double the space from the light to the wall. This type of spacing reduces bright and dark spots and creates balanced lighting.