Vacuuming, steaming, laundering and using insecticide are some effective ways to kill bed bugs. Seventy percent of bed bug infestations occur in beds, including the frame and the headboard.
Vacuuming removes live bed bugs, but it is not effective for killing the eggs. Use a vacuum around hiding places, such as cracks and crevices. Steam needs a temperature of 180 degrees Fahrenheit in order to effectively kill bed bugs.
Washing or drying items on high heat for at least 30 minutes also kills bed bugs.
Foggers are not effective in killing bed bugs, but insecticides such as diatomaceous earth dust, pyrethroid spray and low-toxic spray such as Sterifab are effective.