Ants are the main predators of termites. Six types of ants are known to organize attacks on termite mounds and nests. Reptiles, mammals, birds and even humans also prey on termites.
Besides providing a positive effect on the natural environment, termites are also a source of nourishment for other animals. Many predators feast on termite swarms as they leave their nests at dusk. Aardvarks and anteaters even utilize tools to dig out termites from their nests. In some African cultures, termites and other bugs are part of the regular diet. Insects boast several health benefits for their rich content of protein and unsaturated fat.