What Are the Different Varieties of Viburnums?

What Are the Different Varieties of Viburnums?

Viburnum is a genus of flowering evergreen and deciduous shrubs with over 150 species that are often used for landscaping and as ornamental elements. Well-known varieties are the guelder-rose, the cayuga, the Southern arrowwood and the black-haw.

The guelder-rose has leaves similar in shape to maple leaves. This shrub blooms from June to July, producing white flowers and red fruit with a single seed. It is shade tolerant and grows in a large variety of soils.

The cayuga is an Asian viburnum variety that is well-known for its fragrance. It produces white flower clusters and leaves that turn red-orange during the fall. This shrub grows in well-drained acidic soil and requires fairly equal amounts of light and shade exposure.

The Southern arrowwood is greatly appreciated in landscaping for its durability and versatility. It reaches over 8 feet in height, making it ideal for screens and hedges. The Southern arrowwood is fairly disease-free, with dark green leaves that turn yellow to red in the fall. It produces ink-blue fruits in the fall, which attract over 50 species of birds. This shrub also serves as a host for hummingbird moths and red admiral butterflies.

The black-haw is a multiseason plant, remaining colorful all year long. It produces slightly fragrant white flowers in the spring and green fruits in autumn that turn to dark blue or black. The leaves are bright green in summer and turn red in autumn. This shrub grows in moist, well-drained soils and provides food and shelter for over 30 species of birds.