Some different types of wood decking materials include redwood, cedar, tropical woods, composite and engineered wood. These vary widely in cost and their individual features.
Redwood and cedar and two popular wood decking options. These are admired for their natural appearance and the fact that they don’t have any chemicals in them. There are some oils in the wood to help them resist pests, decay and rot. The downside is that they tend to be some of the more expensive varieties.
Tropical hardwoods are some of the most expensive wood decking options. Tropical hardwoods include camaru, ipe, red balau and golden ironwood.
Pressure-treated wood, in comparison, is ideal for a homeowner looking for an affordable option. Pressure-treated wood doesn’t splinter as easily and doesn’t rot or suffer from pest damage as easily as normal wood. The wood used for this type is usually Southern yellow pine. It's best to use stainless steel fasteners for this decking material, since the chemicals used on the wood can be corrosive.
The last wood decking option is composite decking, which consists of wood fibers and recycled plastic. It tends to last longer than other wood decking materials, but it is man-made and not natural.