What Are Some Different Types of Trees?


Quick Answer

Evergreen trees such as pine, fir and spruce retain their foliage throughout all seasons, while deciduous trees such as oak and maple lose their foliage completely during the winter. The live oak and rhododendron are evergreens that have flat leaves instead of needles. Because the larch tree drops its needles in the fall, arborists classify it as a deciduous tree.

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Full Answer

Evergreen trees include conifers, or cone-bearing trees, such as the hemlock, which has needles, and the juniper and Japanese cedar, that have scale-like, linear foliage. Common broadleaf evergreen trees include the camellia and southern magnolia. Because palm trees retain their feather-like or fan-shape fronds year round, they fall under the evergreen classification.

Deciduous trees, valued for their timber as well as their shade and ornamental uses, include the Manchurian ash, a medium-sized shade tree with yellow fall foliage. The European beech tree provides plentiful shade, while the columnar beech features a narrow profile and mature 70-foot height. Other deciduous trees include the Norway maple, which is brilliant yellow in autumn, and the pin oak, with russet-colored fall leaves and a fast growth habit. The European white birch grows to a 50-foot height, while the river birch, valued as an ornamental tree, has multicolored, exfoliating bark.

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