What Are the Different Types of Roofing Materials?

Asphalt shingles, wood shingles, wood shakes and slate are common roofing materials. Other choices include fiber cement tiles, concrete tiles, clay tiles and metal shingles.

Asphalt shingles are affordable and easy to install. They are also available in a variety of sizes and colors. Asphalt shingles require regular replacement and have a lifespan of 20 to 30 years. .

Slate is a popular roofing material especially appropriate for Chateau, French and Colonial architectural styles. Slate roofs are extremely heavy, but last for hundreds of years. This material also provides excellent heat retention due to its dark color.

Metal shingles made from copper, aluminum or steel provide a lightweight, weather-resistant alternative to other shingle varieties. Many metal shingles imitate the appearance of asphalt or wood, but do not require frequent replacement or repair.

Fiber cement tile is a fireproof roofing option made from a mixture of wood fiber, clay and concrete. This type of tile is strong and durable, but vulnerable to cracking in extremely cold temperatures. Fiber cement tiles also require careful installation, as stepping on them may cause breaking or cracking.

Concrete roofing tiles come in many shapes, sizes and colors. They are fireproof and durable, but their heavy weight requires additional structural support. These tiles have a life span of at least 50 years.