What Are the Different Types of Insulation?


Quick Answer

Fiberglass, rock wool, loose fiber and reflective foam are some of the many types of insulation available. The style of the insulation, such as rolls or boards, can help determine where the insulation should be used in the home.

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Full Answer

Fiberglass insulation is available in several different styles, including rolls and boards. Roll-style insulation is often used inside the interior walls of the home and can be installed without the assistance of a professional. Foam board insulation can be made from materials that include fiberglass, polystyrene or polyurethane. Polyurethane is also used in some types of spray insulation.

Loose fill insulation is sprayed onto walls and can be made from fiberglass, cellulose or rock wool. Loose fill insulation is typically installed by a professional because it requires the use of specific tools during installation. A portion of loose fill insulation can be made from recycled materials, such as newspaper.

Rock wool insulation can be used in areas that are subjected to heat, such as chimneys. Radiant barriers or reflective insulation can be used to reduce cooling costs, and is often used in regions with hot summers and mild winters.

Insulating concrete forms are a type of insulation used when building a new home. The forms are filled with concrete and allowed to remain as part of the foundation of the structure. Some types of insulating concrete forms are treated with insecticide to prevent pests from entering the home through the open areas in the forms.

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