Differences between high-end and value-priced furniture are found in the materials and construction techniques used, along with the overall longevity of the piece. Where the furniture was made also impacts the price.
In general, value-priced furniture tends to be mass produced and constructed from cheaper, often inferior, materials than high-end furniture. Particle board furniture is less expensive than furniture made from solid wood, but it is not as strong and is prone to moisture damage. Particle board furniture cannot be sanded and refinished to extend its life. Solid wood furniture is more expensive and heavier, and it will withstand more years of use. Fabrics used in high-end furniture are often thicker and more durable.
Differences also exist in construction techniques. Value-priced furniture is mass produced in factories where each piece must be finished as quickly as possible. Joints and seams may not be as straight, leading to failure sooner than more carefully finished high-end furniture. Mass produced furniture joints are glued or stapled rather than using more advanced woodworking techniques, such as dovetail or mortise-and-tenon joints. Corners in cheaper furniture are often not reinforced properly to withstand years of wear.
The furniture's place of origin also affects the price. Furniture produced in countries with higher wage standards is generally more expensive.