Some differences between gas and electric stovetops are gas stoves operate using gasoline or propane and connect to a gas line, while electric stoves plug with a cord into electrical outlets; gas stoves generally heat more quickly than electric stoves and cool down faster after use, but they have open flames, which makes them slightly less safe to use. Gas stoves are more difficult to clean than electric stoves, as they have indented surfaces, whereas the tops of electric stoves are smooth and straight. Electric stoves usually cost more up front, according to Bob Vila.
Both gas and electric stoves work well with all types of cookware. Gas stoves can also be used for other purposes, as they have an open flame. While they perform nearly all the same functions, seasoned chefs generally prefer gas stoves. Gas stoves heat more quickly than electric stoves, notes Bob Vila. They also allow for sauteing, flambeing, toasting and charring, while electric stoves simply heat, boil and simmer.
While chefs prefer gas stoves, people with young children might prefer electric stoves. Electric stoves do not pose as much of a risk for burns as gas stoves. They also do not carry the risk of carbon monoxide poisoning, which occurs when gases leak. Electric stoves generally heat foods consistently, but take a while to reach their set temperatures, which makes them less than ideal for temperature-dependent meals.