How do you design a garden layout?


Quick Answer

To design a garden layout ,first carefully look at the area and decide if you want to keep any existing plants or landscape elements. Next, consider the mood or theme and how you want to use the space. Then, decide on a composition, such as a curvilinear, radial or rectilinear layout.

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Full Answer

Consider the surrounding area when planning a garden layout. If there are attractive nearby elements like buildings, bodies of water or streetscapes, plan to complement them with new plantings. Evaluate existing plants for practicality and expense. If a plant takes too much care, eliminate it. Also, evaluate how much sun, air and exposure to the elements the garden plot has.

After looking at the existing landscape, use the climate to decide what kind of plants to buy. Examples include a shade garden, an English country theme or a cottage garden. Consider the colors of blooming plants and how they go with other elements.

Draw a layout based on common compositional methods. Curvilinear layouts are most commonly used because they create gently moving wavy lines that look natural on the surface. A radial composition has a centerpiece surrounded by circular patterns. A rectilinear layout is good for creating an outdoor room or for gardens surrounded by walls or fences.

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