Provide the cucumber plant with 1 to 2 inches of water every week depending on the weather, and use organic mulch during the summer. Keep the cucumbers cool, and grow them in an area with well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight. Grow the plants 8 to 12 inches apart, and keep them fertilized. Remove weeds around the cucumber plants to prevent diseases.
Cucumbers are the fruit of a plant that can climb. They have long vines with large green leaves. Sweet Success, Straight Eight and County Fair are a few varieties of cucumbers.
Harvest slicing cucumbers when they are 6 to 8 inches long, and harvest dill cucumbers when they are 4 to 6 inches long. It is best to harvest cucumbers before their seeds become hard and the cucumber turns yellow. If cucumbers are left on the vine too long, they become tough, and this causes the plant to produce less.
Pick cucumbers every few days when they become mature. Wrap them in plastic once they are picked to help them retain water. Cucumbers last for up to week to 10 days in a refrigerator.
Although cucumbers should taste sweet, they sometimes taste bitter. Bitterness is caused by stress on the cucumber plant and can be prevented with proper care of the plant.