What Crops Are Raised in Quebec?

Quebec, Canada's largest province and home to a numerous French-speaking population, grows a wide variety of field crops, fruits, and field vegetables, along with a large number of greenhouse crops, Christmas trees and nursery products. The primary field crops are hay, fodder corn for animal feed, alfalfa, barley and soybeans. Primary fruit crops include strawberries, blueberries and apples, while primary vegetable crops are sweet corn, green beans and green peas.

Other Quebec-grown crops include carrots, green cabbage, onions, potatoes, wheat and tobacco. Because of its northerly position and short growing season, many farms in Quebec use greenhouses to extend the growing season. Quebec occupies a unique geographic position as it lies along the St. Lawrence River and seaway that connects the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes. Only a small portion of Quebec's land is suitable for farming, with most of its fertile farmland lying in the southern-most strip of Quebec in the lowlands along the St. Lawrence River. Quebec is the largest producer of maple syrup in Canada, providing about 75 percent of the world's supply. Though Quebec contributes farm produce and agricultural goods to the Canadian economy, its largest contributions are in the manufacturing and service sectors, where it is second only to Ontario.