Cotton is derived from the fibers of a cotton plant and are used in the production of cotton cloth. Cotton plants thrive in warm climates, especially in the Southeast United States.
Cotton is used more than any other fiber, and is the leading cash crop in the United States. Cotton cloth is used in the production of numerous items such as towels, sheets, clothing and medical supplies.
Raw cotton is bleached and manufactured into untwisted ropes, called slivers, in textile mills. These slivers produce various products such as yarn and threads, or are woven into cotton fabric. The byproducts are dyed and developed into cotton fabric.
The invention of the cotton gin, in 1793 by Eli Whitney, allowed for higher productivity in cotton separation by quickly filtering seeds from cotton fibers and producing raw cotton.