This Old House magazine describes a seven-step process for building a wooden deck to which a homeowner may add a patio. The process takes between four and six days to complete with an initial investment of $800 to $1000 minus the necessary tools.
The seven steps necessary for constructing a simple on-grade wooden deck are as follows: attach the ledger to the existing foundation; protect the ledger; set footings and piers; install post bases and side rim joists; install front rim joists, beams and interior joists; attach the trim and decking. This Old House describes the project as a moderate to hard one due to the complexity of the steps and the number of tools necessary. Any deck or patio that requires posts, steps or railings is significantly more complex to build.
In order to build this particular type of deck, a homeowner must use a variety of power tools, including a hammer-drill with masonry bit, a 1/2-inch drill with a 3/8-inch bit, a circular saw, an impact wrench and a concrete mixer. Simple tools that this procedure requires include a level, chalk line, socket wrench, tape measure and shovel.
Consumable items necessary for deck construction include polyurethane marine sealant, construction adhesive, masonry expansion bolts, siliconized acrylic caulk and 5/8-inch roofing nails.