There are five basic parts used on a moldboard plow, which consists of a moldboard, share, beam, hitch and coulter. Every component comes together to swiftly break in new ground. A moldboard plow was revolutionary upon its introduction, and assisted early farmers with growing crops in colder climates.
Moldboards can be easily attached to an animal or tractor via the use of a hitch. Each hitch can be rated as high as class V, which is generally used for bigger vehicles. Following the hitch is the beam. The beam is essentially the frame of the plow and holds all the components in place. The coulter then uses its blade to loosen the ground as the moldboard passes through it. The moldboard then creates rotational force, which allows the ground to freely separate so the share can easily create a furrow.
The moldboard allows farmers to continually create loose soil throughout the spring and fall seasons. The plow churns up soil from the bottom up, thus bringing nutrients commonly kept underground to the top. Although farmers have the option to set the soil throughout the fall, most choose to do so in the spring and avoid any chance of erosion.