Using pesticides is one of many ways to control a bed bug infestation, according to the Environmental Protection Agency. The EPA also advises taking a comprehensive approach, limiting exposure to dangerous pesticides, and only using them as a last resort.
Bed bugs hide in bedding, clothing and hampers, so wash and heat-dry them regularly. Move beds away from the walls, and use special bed bug covers on the mattresses and box springs. They should be pretested for protection against bed bugs or dust mites and be durable enough to stay on the bed for at least a year, instructs the EPA.
Vacuuming rugs, floors, windows, furniture and all crevices in the home and disposing of the bag after each use by sealing it tightly in a plastic bag and a garbage bin outside is advised by the New York State Department of Health. Limit the number of places for bed bugs to hide in by reducing clutter. The fewer crevices for them to take refuge, the easier it is to locate and treat the infestation. Seal all crevices and openings where electrical wiring or pipes enter the house.
If pesticides are needed, the New York State Department of Health stresses the importance of ensuring the product is registered by the EPA and that it is specifically for controlling bed bugs. Never apply pesticides to the body or use outdoor pesticides indoors. When hiring professionals, make sure they have experience with treating bed bugs. Companies should be registered, and exterminators should be licensed.