Some common locations for residential breakers include the garage, basements or under the stairs. These areas are ideal as they often meet all of the codes set forth by the National Fire Protection Association.
The national electrical codes for a breaker panel vary, and one of them requires that the working space around a panel be free from other electrical installations. The location of the breaker must be a minimum of 6 feet 6 inches high and there must be a 3-foot space away from the wall at a 30-inch width. This space ensures that the panel door can open and close without obstruction.
The working handle of the highest grip of the breaker panel must not be higher than 6 feet 7 inches from the floor, and it is against code to place the breaker panels in a location that is a small enclosure such as a bathroom, closet or bathroom. All breaker panels must be accessible, and no obstructions are allowable in the working space.
Additionally, it is essential that the area is well lit, and even one light in the location of the breaker panel may suffice. However, putting in a direct light is a good idea as it provides easy illumination when accessing the panel in dim light.