Cocoa or cacao trees grow in the tropics and will only bear fruit in a narrow zone 20 degrees south and north of the equator. Even in these latitudes, they won't produce if the soil is poor, if the climate is too dry or if the temperature falls below 60 degrees.Continue Reading
The cocoa tree usually doesn't grow taller than 49 feet. It's an evergreen tree with alternate leaves that are bright, glossy green and somewhat oblong in shape. The flowers of the cocoa tree are small and white or pink, and they grow directly on the tree's trunk or older branches. They are pollinated by midges that are in turn nourished by the fallen leaves beneath the tree.
The fruit is produced continuously until the tree is about 25 years old. The fruits are fairly large, ribbed and oval-shaped. They're orange and, when opened, have many seeds. When these seeds are ripe, they're gathered in trays and allowed to ferment until they're ready to be processed into cocoa or chocolate. The cocoa tree has been cultivated for centuries by native people of the Amazon and other areas in South America. Its scientific name is theobroma, which means "food of the gods."Learn more about Trees & Bushes
Many types of ornamental trees thrive in Zone 6. You can choose deciduous trees that lose their leaves in the fall, or evergreen trees. It is best to consider the size of the tree at maturity when planting. Plant smaller trees closer to your home and taller trees farther out.Full Answer >
Fruit trees are fertilized during the fall or winter to ensure proper absorption before temperatures fall below 50 degrees F. Fruit trees typically enter rest periods during the peak of winter months and cannot absorb nutrients during this time, notes Martha Proctor from University of California Marin Master Gardeners.Full Answer >
Among the trees that adapt well to different degrees of shade are the American hornbeam, the pawpaw and the Allegheny serviceberry. All trees require a minimum amount of sun to perform photosynthesis. Trees that grow in heavy shade need less than three hours of direct sunlight and filtered sunlight the rest of the day.Full Answer >
Care for a mango tree by planting it in a climate with temperatures that never drop below 30 degrees Fahrenheit, using well-drained soil, watering it regularly and feeding it throughout the growing season. Prune the buds to encourage yearly fruiting.Full Answer >