Q:

What do chloroplasts do?

A:

Quick Answer

Chloroplasts are the organelles that can be found in plant cells, and their primary job is to conduct photosynthesis, according to Science Daily. Photosynthesis is the process that plants use to convert light energy into chemical energy, which is stored as bonds of sugar to provide fuel for the plant.

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Full Answer

These organelles are very much like the mitochondria in animal cells, but they can only be found in plant cells and Protista. Both mitochondria and chloroplasts are surrounded by a double-composite membrane. They also have their own DNA, are involved in energy metabolism and have reticulations that fill their inner spaces.

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Related Questions

  • Q:

    What cellular features differentiate plants from animals?

    A:

    The primary differences in the features of plant cells and animal cells are the presence or absence of a cell wall, chloroplasts and centrioles. Plant cells have cell walls and chloroplasts, while animal cells lack such organelles; but instead, they contain centrioles. Additionally, the only plant cells that possess flagella are sex cells, whereas they are more common in a variety of animal cell types.

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  • Q:

    What are analogies for chloroplasts?

    A:

    According to Online Digital Education Connection, analogies for chloroplasts are power plants that imitate the function of chloroplasts in a plant cell to utilize solar energy or light in the processing of food for plant cells. Score Science lists solar energy plants as city analogies for chloroplasts.

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  • Q:

    What happens during the Calvin cycle?

    A:

    The Calvin cycle is a metabolic process that occurs in the chloroplasts of plant cells. Its main function is to create sugar from carbon dioxide for the plant to use as a source of energy.

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  • Q:

    What are characteristics of an animal cell?

    A:

    Animal cells have many distinct characteristics when compared to plant cells, including their varied shapes, their many types of organelles, their centrioles, cilia and lysosomes, and their cell-to-cell junctions. Animal cells also lack chloroplasts and cell walls, which are found in plant cells.

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