To grow cherries, select the correct cultivar for your location. Decide if you are growing in the ground or in a container, and prepare the space with rich soil that drains well. Select a sunny area for your tree that receives at least six hours of sunlight a day.
Tart cherries are the easiest to grow. They do not require a second tree for cross pollination, because they are self-fertile. These varieties of cherries are best suited for cool environments in zones four to six. Sweet cherries can be grown further south and are better suited to zones five and warmer. Dwarf varieties of sweet cherries can be grown in a container and brought indoors for the winter in cooler environments.
It is best to purchase a small cherry tree from a reputable nursery, rather than trying to root a cherry pit. It takes about 10 years to grow a cherry tree to maturity, and most cherries available at the grocery store are grown from hybrid varieties. The resulting fruit from a pit saved from a hybrid tree may not be edible.
Plant cherry trees in loamy soil in areas that receive full sun. Mulch the area around the tree to retain moisture and to protect roots in the winter.