What Is a Carrier Air Conditioning Compressor?


Quick Answer

A Carrier air conditioning compressor is a component used in air conditioning systems manufactured by the Carrier Corporation. Carrier is a global leader in the manufacturing and distribution of heating, ventilating and air conditioning systems.

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Full Answer

Originally, the company was called the Carrier Engineering Corporation. The American engineer, Willis Haviland Carrier who pioneered modern air conditioning, formed it in 1915. Willis, together with other engineers, devoted his efforts to improving the technology of air conditioning.

One of the key improvements was a more efficient compressor, which Carrier used in the air conditioners he installed in Detroit’s J.L. Hudson Department store in 1924. The main purpose of an air conditioning compressor is to squeeze the refrigerant, which arrives at the compressor as a low-pressure gas. By doing this, the temperature rises and the refrigerant cools and liquefies when the compressor forces it into a condenser. To continue cooling efficiently, an air conditioner has to convert the low-pressure gas back to a liquid over and over.

Carrier’s air conditioning system could control temperature as well as humidity. He used his knowledge of the heating of objects with steam and reversed the process. Rather than sending air through hot coils, he sent it through cold coils, which were filled with cold water. The air was cooled, so the amount of moisture in the air could be controlled. As a result, the humidity was controllable.

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