To care for an orchid, plant the orchid in a well-draining growing medium, water the plant weekly, and provide a balanced fertilizer directly after watering the plant. Orchids should be placed in a new pot at least once every two years.
Orchids should be planted in a free-draining potting mix, such as sphagnum moss, in a pot with ample drainage holes. To water an orchid, place the pot in the sink, and flood the plant by running cool water directly into the soil. Turn the water off, allow the plant to drain for several minutes, and repeat the flooding process once more. Allow the water to drain thoroughly before removing the plant from the sink. Most orchids require water every seven to 10 days.
Orchids typically need a mild fertilizer once per week to thrive. Apply a balanced, complete fertilizer directly after watering the plant. Orchids also require repotting after each blooming period, or every two years, to ensure the roots receive enough oxygen. To repot the orchid, remove the plant from its current container, and gently remove the excess potting mix from the plant's root system. Place the root ball in the new pot, and cover the roots lightly with the desired growing medium.