How Do You Care for a Pecan Tree?


Quick Answer

Care for a pecan tree by planting it in a suitable location, giving it abundant water, fertilizing it regularly and pruning it when needed. Regular care is essential for good nut production. You need mulch, fertilizer, zinc spray, pruning shears and a tree saw.

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How Do You Care for a Pecan Tree?
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Full Answer

  1. Plant the tree in a suitable location

    Plant a pecan tree in well-draining soil in a large, spacious area away from buildings and power lines. Pecan trees have large root systems and grow from 50 to 150 feet tall. For the sake of nut production, plant two or more trees together, and space them 50 to 80 feet apart. Dig a hole about 3 to 4 feet deep and 2 feet wide. Place the tree in the hole, and arrange the roots. When the hole is half full of soil, fill it with water to settle the soil and eliminate air pockets. After filling the rest of the hole, use your foot to press down the soil.

  2. Water the tree

    Water pecan trees once each week during the summer with plenty of water. Water slowly, allowing soil to absorb the water. During spring and fall, water the tree every other week, and during winter, water once each month. Abundant water is essential for nut production. Surround the tree with 2 to 4 inches of mulch to help the soil retain moisture.

  3. Fertilize the tree

    Fertilize pecan trees with ammonium sulphate during early and late spring. Also during spring, spray the foliage with zinc spray every three weeks.

  4. Prune the tree

    On young trees, prune all but one leader growing out of the tree's base. When trees are less than 5 years old, cut the leaders in half during spring. Prune lower branches less than 5 feet in height, and trim suckers from the base of the tree.

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