How Do You Care for Orange Trees?

care-orange-trees Credit: Kai Schreiber/Flickr/CC-BY-2.0

Orange trees are easy to care for as long as you follow a few simple steps. Better care yields better fruits, so make sure that your orange tree is grown in the right environment and receives the proper amount of water and nutrients.

  1. Provide plenty of sunlight

    Orange trees require full sunlight to produce healthy, juicy fruit. Make sure there are no obstructions blocking sunlight throughout the day.

  2. Water the tree properly

    Water young trees once or twice on a weekly basis. Do not saturate the soil. Keep it consistently moist. When the tree is mature, water it every week or two, depending on how hot and dry the weather is and how much it rains.

  3. Use the right soil

    Use well-drained soil to prevent the plant from dying from too much moisture. In areas with alkaline soils, compensate by spraying the tree with chelated zinc or iron sprays.

  4. Fertilize the tree

    For the first year of growth, feed the tree a nitrogen-rich fertilizer. After that, use a citrus formula fertilizer, following the manufacturer's instructions. It may be necessary to take a soil test to determine the correct ratio of fertilizer.

  5. Trim the tree as needed

    Remove dead limbs and branches that touch the ground. Prune interior branches for better sun exposure.

  6. Protect the tree from the cold

    Cover the tree in tarps or blankets during times of prolonged freezing temperatures. Remove them when the temperature rises.