To care for Dracaena sanderiana, also called lucky bamboo, place the plant in a container with enough pebbles to support the plant and at least 1 inch of bottled or distilled water. Change the water weekly, and keep the plant in a location with bright, indirect sunlight. The plant grows well in temperatures that range from 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
As the plant grows, keep enough water in the container to cover the plant's roots. If aphids are present, rinse the plant off with water. When using tap water, allow the water to sit out overnight before using it to care for the plant.
When growing other types of bamboo plants indoors, spray the foliage once weekly, and turn on a small fan to mimic the winds and humidity levels of the plant's natural habitat. Maintain damp, but not overly wet, soil, and plant the bamboo in a container with adequate drainage to prevent disease.
Fertilize bamboo with a slow-release nitrogen-rich fertilizer in the spring, and divide and transplant the bamboo as necessary. To prune bamboo, cut the canes at soil level, or cut the cane off at the node to the desired size. Dracaena sanderiana is not a true bamboo and does not require pruning in most cases.