How Do You Care for a Ficus Nitida Tree?

A Ficus nitida tree is a tropical, evergreen plant also known as Indian laurel that grows up to 60 feet tall. In order to care for your Ficus, follow a few simple steps. You need a shovel, mulch, water, fertilizer and pruning shears.

  1. Choose a good location

    Place the tree in a location where it gets plenty of sunlight and has well-drained soil. Make sure that there is plenty of room for the tree to grow. Be prepared for the heavy shade that this tree provides when full-grown.

  2. Plant the Ficus

    Plant the Ficus in a hole that is at least three times the size of the root ball. Untangle the roots. Fill the hole with soil, and stamp it down. Water the newly planted tree.

  3. Mulch the tree

    Lay a 4-inch layer of mulch on the ground around the tree. Make sure the mulch does not touch the trunk. Mulch helps to keep soil moist and rich in nutrients while keeping weeds at bay.

  4. Water the tree

    It is important to keep the soil of a newly planted tree moist. Water the tree if the soil feels dry. Because this particular tree thrives in tropical locations, the soil should stay moist.

  5. Fertilize the tree

    If the Ficus is planted in sandy soil, fertilize it with a balanced fertilizer. Otherwise fertilizer is unnecessary.

  6. Prune the tree

    As the Ficus grows and fills out, remove dead and damaged branches, which can occur after storms. Prune the tree to maintain its desired shape.