To turn a garden into an urban farm, create a site map, research local restrictions on agricultural use, select a planting method, choose crops and layout, and implement the plan. Raised beds, aeroponics and other vertical designs eliminate the need for soil correction, provide longer growing seasons and minimize pests.
Use the site map to record details of the intended location, such as hours of sunlight and access to water. Soil, elevation and drainage are not critical factors when using contained planters.
Find obstacles to urban farming by contacting a county clerk's office, local extension office or municipality. Depending on whether intended use is personal or commercial, fees and permits may apply.
Choose plants that are hardy and adaptable. If planning to market produce, select unusual fruits and vegetables that are less likely to be readily available from large growers.
Select a layout that works well with limited space and with water restrictions, if drought is an issue. As a residential agriculturalist, create an attractive system that fits with neighborhood sensibilities.
Raised beds range from owner-built frames to fully-enclosed systems with self-watering features and internal worm composting. Raised boxes typically measure five inches to a foot high, with deeper designs providing water savings.
Aeroponics uses towers or linked tubes containing all the nutrients and water necessary for plant growth. While the initial cost may be a factor, the technology is economical over time.