In South Carolina, fig trees should be pruned during the winter months after the coldest weather is done but before any new growth begins in the spring. Figs require only a little pruning to keep the crown open and remove any dead wood.
Fig trees can be pruned to either a tree or a bush form. Training the tree to be a bush requires cutting off one-third of the young plant. When this is done the shoots grow up from the base of the fig tree creating a bush effect. If more branching is desired, remove one-third to one-half of the annual growth.