Creating concrete paving stones requires a ready-made mold, concrete and a few mixing and pouring tools. Once the concrete is mixed, fill the mold, and after a wait, remove the dried concrete paving slab. Additional additives can be mixed into the concrete for coloring and strength.Continue Reading
Create the concrete by mixing one part Portland cement with two parts sand and three parts of coarse aggregate. For thin molds less than 2 inches in thickness, the aggregate should be no larger than 0.25 inches in size. Use a wooden dowel or a hoe to mix the concrete in a large five-gallon bucket or in a wheelbarrow.
Mix any concrete dye into the concrete mix to achieve the desired color. Cover the surface of the mold with a mold release agent to help slip the paving slab free after dying. Sprinkle the powdered dye onto the bottom and edges of the mold to help create small variants of surface color. Add any strengtheners to the concrete while mixing it. If a textured surface is desired, then sprinkle the texture mix onto the mold along with the coloring.
Fill the mold with the concrete mix while shaking it from side-to-side or tapping the sides to release air bubbles. Allow the concrete to dry about 24 hours until firm. Turn the mold upside down on a clean, dry surface and then push the paving slab from the mold. Allow the concrete to set completely before using it.
To make outdoor concrete steps, use premade stair stringers and lumber boards as the mold into which the concrete is to be poured. Fill the mold tightly with concrete, smooth the surface of each stair, and apply a layer of sealer.Full Answer >
The simplest fire pit designs are made from paving stones and sand. A common design is a circle of multiple layers of flat paving stones that use no extra types of material to hold them together. The ground within the circle is dug out and filled with sand, over which the fire is built.Full Answer >
Asphalt paving costs are primarily determined by local conditions, such as climate and weather, as well as by the size of the area being covered. For a rough estimate, measure the plot size in square feet, then multiply the result by the cost of the asphalt per square foot of coverage. Add the cost of local labor for the installation, which is determined by multiplying hourly wage by paving time.Full Answer >
One small yard design features multiple levels made of slate slabs and wooden decks. The somewhat Oriental design also has judiciously placed planters featuring richly textured plants, sculpture, decorative stones and a least one water feature.Full Answer >