Grow cucumbers at home by planting them at the right time, placing them in a location with access to full sun and using loamy, well-drained soil. For colder areas with shorter growing seasons, start the seedlings inside, and transplant them outside two weeks after the last frost when the soil reaches 65 degrees Fahrenheit.
Select a planting site that has well-drained sandy or loamy soil with 7 pH, or amend it accordingly with manure, peat or other organic matter. Work 2 inches of compost into the top 6 inches of soil, and plant the seeds or seedlings in 1-inch deep holes spaced at least 6 to 12 inches apart. For a small garden, add trellises to give the vines a place to climb.
Thin the seedlings out to 18 feet between plants once they grow to 4 inches in height, and give them at least 1 gallon of water per week. Once fruit forms, water the plants regularly, but less often when the top few inches of soil starts to feel dry. Add a layer of mulch to the soil around the plants to keep the soil moist. Add a layer well-rotted manure to the plants, or fertilize them with low-nitrogen liquid or granular fertilizer once the plants bloom and every three weeks afterwards.