Camellia bushes bloom in late fall, winter or early spring. One species of camellia, camellia japonica, blooms from late winter through early spring, while sasanqua camellias bloom in the fall.
Sasanqua camellias tolerate temperatures as low as 5 degrees Fahrenheit, while camellia japonica can only tolerate temperatures as low as 10 degrees Fahrenheit. Camellias need protection from direct sunlight and drying winds in the winter. The bushes grow better in partial shade, although plants with red blooms tolerate the sun better than plants with pink or white blooms. Plant the bushes under tall pine trees or on the north or west side of a building to protect them from the sun. Bushes placed in full sunlight often develop leaf scorch.