Building stone steps involves gathering stones, establishing a foundation step, laying subsequent steps and attaching handrails to the steps. To avoid possible injuries, be sure to construct even and similar steps. The standard depth and riser dimensions of the steps are 1 to 1.5 feet and 6 inches respectively. Other than the stones, you need mortar mix, and tools such as a trowel and a shovel to complete this task.
Start by selecting and buying a suitable stone type. Common types include white limestone, brown flagstones, Arkansas creek rock and gray flagstones. Pour the stones on the highest section of the place you intent to build the steps.
Before laying the first step, first prepare the area by clearing it of any material including dirt, debris and grass, and spreading the soil evenly over the area using the shovel to make the ground level. Pour a gravel layer over the ground, taking care to raise the layer to a depth of 2 inches, and compact the gravel. Be sure to lay the gravel so the layer slopes to facilitate water drainage. Then, erect the first step by stacking the stones over the gravel and pouring mortar mix over them. Repeat the process for the remaining steps, taking care to space the steps properly before attaching metal railings on both sides of the staircase to enhance safety.