What Is a Blast Furnace Used For?


Quick Answer

According to the American Iron and Steel Institute, the purpose of a blast furnace is to produce enough heat to extract iron from raw ore. Iron ore, coke and limestone are placed into a blast furnace and then heated until liquid iron can be separated from the ore.

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Full Answer

Once the blast furnace is heated, there are several chemical reactions that take place. The coke is used to produce carbon monoxide, which is a reducing agent used to extract the molten iron from solid ore. The limestone serves as a fluxing agent that bonds with impurities to produce slag, which is then removed before the liquid iron is poured.

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