The greatest benefit terra cotta floor tiles offer is durability, although floor installers also value the material for its versatility and warmth. Terra cotta is more resistant to fungus, mold and bacterial growth than similar flooring materials.
Floor installers value terra cotta for its ability to withstand wear and tear for years at a time even when not subjected to a comprehensive maintenance routine. The greatest testament to the toughness of terra cotta as a building material is its use in ancient structures and sculptures. Typically, terra cotta flooring tiles come in earthy shades such as brown or red, reflecting the material's origins.
Terra cotta is suitable for both outdoor and indoor use, and it comes in both sealed and unsealed varieties. Sealed terra cotta offers greater resistance to moisture, stains and scratches, while unsealed terra cotta offers aesthetic benefits resulting in a more rustic, old-world look. Another advantage of terra cotta is that it is relatively inexpensive.
Despite these advantages, terra cotta is a porous material that absorbs moisture easily. If left unsealed and exposed to moisture, it can crack and deteriorate. The material is not easy to repair, and damaged tiles typically need to be replaced. Additionally, terra cotta tiles can be complicated to install, requiring the use of a professional floor installation service.