Some beginner tips for growing an orchid includes growing the plant in a humid environment, keeping the temperature warm and giving the plant plenty of light. Avoid overwatering and pruning the plant as well.
Lighting needs vary depending on the type of orchid, but most need plenty of sunlight. If it receives too much sunlight, the leaves yellow or develop brown and black spots, a symptom of sunburn. Cattleya and Vanda orchids that require high light thrive in windows that face south. Phalaenopsis and Paphiopedilum plants need locations in east-facing windows for low light.
Orchids also differ as to their temperature needs. The low-light Phalaenopsis, or moth orchid, requires temperatures between 70 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit, while the high-light Cattleya requires temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. A cool-tolerant orchid needs temperatures below 70 degrees Fahrenheit. The majority of orchids require a minimum humidity of 70 percent. For a low-humidity area, spray the orchids with water, and place the pot on a wet tray of gravel.
When the top 2 inches of soil feel dry, water the plant only until water flows from the pot's drainage holes, making sure to get the aerial or above-ground roots wet in the process. Avoid pruning the orchid altogether until it is time to cut a rhizome to divide the plant.