Most ant species are smaller than a paperclip. They can carry more than three times their own body weight. Some species can live for several years, while others only live up to a couple of weeks. Ants live all over the world, with the exception of the inhospitably cold locations of Greenland and Antarctica.
More than 10,000 ant species exist across the world, mostly in warmer regions and tropical forests. Ants belong to the same animal order as wasps and bees, so they may share a common ancestor with these insects.
Ants are social insects that live in huge groups, typically in a colony or army, that have a hive structure very similar to bees. They can live in trees, underground or inside of the wooden structures of a house. The colony structure is run by a queen. This queen produces thousands of offspring, many of which become the female workers whose whole lives are dedicated to the colony. Male ants are born with wings, but their sole purpose is to mate with a queen, after which they die.
Ants communicate through chemicals which they detect through their antennae. These smells are left as trails to food sources or released to indicate that there is a threat against the colony.