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What is an amur maple tree?

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Quick Answer

The amur maple is a small, deciduous tree native to China and Japan. Its green leaves turn a bright red in the fall, making it a popular feature in many landscapes.

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The amur maple grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) zones 3 through 8. It is a relatively small tree, attaining a mature height of 25 feet. This makes it a good tree for small lots. It has leaves with three main lobes, each growing to approximately 3 inches in length. The amur maple's ability to produce flowers is rare for maple trees. The flowers are yellow and full of fragrance in the spring before the leaves appear. The tree has smooth light gray bark and a rounded crown. It is multi-stemmed and must be pruned to retain a tree shape.

Though well-drained soil and full sun is preferred, the amur maple is tolerant of many different environmental conditions. This tolerance has led to it being considered an invasive specimen in central and northern North America. It requires only occasional pruning in the summer after the leaves have fully developed.

The amur maple is relatively disease free, although it can be vulnerable to fungi. Raking up fallen leaves can minimize the potential for fungus to occur, though mature trees rarely suffer long-term effects.

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