Electric ranges feature many advantages over gas models. They are cheaper and easier to install, and do not require a potentially hazardous gas line to operate. The surface of electric stoves are typically easier to clean, especially with smoothtop radiant models. Moreover, heat tends to distribute more evenly when baking.
Electric ranges do have some disadvantages to their gas-fueled counterparts. The heating elements of an electric stove cool down much slower than a gas unit. Additionally, power outages disable the functionality of the appliance.
Gas ranges feature some distinct advantages over electric stoves, however. Although electric ranges are cheaper to purchase than gas, the opposite is true for their operation. Natural gas, though dangerous, is more cheaply delivered to a residence than electricity, which is an increasingly expensive resource.
When using a gas cooktop, heat is more even distributed and easier to adjust based on the appearance of the flame. The heat from the burner transfers to the side and bottom of a pot or pan, unlike an electric range, which only heats the bottom. The temperature of a gas range is easily and rapidly altered; when the burner is off, food is able to be left resting without concern for overcooking.