According to Garden Guides, the adaptations of the tulip include a bulb that preserves new sprouts, the ability to sprout from deep underground, thick leaves, stiff stems, waxy petals and bright colors. Each of these features benefits the tulip and is essential to its survival.
According to Garden Guides, tulips have evolved to survive in open, exposed habitats with cold moist winters and warm dry summers. The bulb of a tulip consists of leaf and flower buds enclosed by scales and a hard outer tunic that protects them. The bulb evolved this way to survive in rocky soil or heavy clay. New bulbs are produced as small buds on the basal plate of the plant and on small shoots. This adaptation allows the tulip to reproduce without depending on the flower. The leaves of a tulip are fleshy and waxy, which prevents the tissues from drying out for as long as possible. Tulips grow in the bright sun, so their leaves do not require much surface area to absorb rays. The thick stems of the tulip evolved to hold the flower above the grass and prevent the wind from blowing them away. The waxy petals protect the stamen and pistils from cold and drying winds. The bright colors attract pollinating insects, which help tulip reproduction.