In order to label an appliance ADA-compliant, it must meet the accessibility guidelines established by the Americans With Disabilities Act. Most major appliances can be designated as ADA-compliant, including refrigerators, dishwashers, microwaves, washers and dryers. Ranges, cooktops, ovens and room air conditioners can qualify as well.
The accessibility guidelines include specifications for the area of clear floor space for a wheelchair approach from both frontal and parallel directions, as well as for the height of shelf space in refrigerators and freezers. At least 50 percent of shelf, storage or cabinet space must be no higher than 54 inches, but no closer to the floor than 9 inches. Additionally, all controls or handles on doors and drawers must not require more than 5 pounds of force to operate.