ABS plumbing pipes are pipes made of the thermoplastic resin known as acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, which does not rust, corrode or rot. Plumbers use ABS pipes in underground and above-ground fixtures that have low pressure, such as sewers.
ABS pipes were originally developed in the 1950s for applications in oil fields and chemical industries. These pipes, which are lightweight, are less expensive and easier to install than metal pipes. They can withstand earth loads and temperatures of up 140 degrees Fahrenheit. ABS pipes are not affected by common household chemicals such as bowl and drain cleaners. Plumbers may use ABS pipes outdoors if the pipes contain pigments that shield against ultraviolet radiation.