The Icelandic names of the Christmas elves are: Askasleikir, Bjugnakraekir, Faldafeykir, Gattathefur, Giljagaur, Gluggagaegir, Ketkrokur, Kertasnikir, Pottasleikir, Skyrjarmur, Stekkjarstaur, Stufur and Thvorusleikir. Other names given to the elves are Baggalutur, Bjalmans Barnid, Bjalminn Sjalfur, Bitahaengir, Frodusleikir, Laekjaraegir, Raudur, Redda, Sledda, Steingrimur, Syrjusleikir, Tifill and Tutur.
Gryla and Leppaludi are father and mother to the elves. The number of elves in the family differ in number depending on individual traditions. At least six of the elves have Westernized names and perform specific duties. Alabaster Snowball administrates the naughty-and-nice list. Bushy Evergreen invented the magic toy-making machine. Shinny Upatree is co-founder of Christmas Village in Lapland, Finland, and Father Christmas's oldest friend. Pepper Minstix guards the secret location of Christmas Village. Wunorse Openlae designed and maintains Father Christmas's sleigh and cares for the reindeer. Sugarplum Mary, also known as Mary Christmas, assists Father Christmas's wife in the Sweet Treats department. Other elf names include Buddy, Kringle, Tinsel, Cocoa and Jangle.
Elves are generally associated with Germanic paganism. They are dwarf-like, imaginary creatures, thought to have magical powers. Centuries ago, Scandinavians believed that elves protected their homes from evil. However, if a person was naughty, the elves turned nasty, playing ornery tricks and causing nightmares.