Squanto was a member of the Pawtuket Native American tribe that aided the English settlers through an unfamiliar land. Teaching them how to cultivate their new environment and avoid hazards, he helped solidify relations between colonists and Native Americans, which resulted in a large celebration in 1621 regarded as the first Thanksgiving.Continue Reading
Squanto was able to communicate and aid the English colonists due to the fact that previously he was kidnapped by an English captain and sold into slavery. Eventually, Squanto escaped England and made it back to his home in present-day New England after learning the English language.
Half of the English settlers who embarked on the journey across the Atlantic did not survive until the next year living in their adopted home. The English were unfamiliar with their new environment, and Squanto taught them how to farm crops, fish, distillate sap from trees and avoid poisonous plants.
Squanto, being able to communicate with his fellow natives and the colonists, was able to aid in the friendly relations between the two parties. This harmonious relationship between the Wampanoag tribe and the English colonists was able to endure for only a few generations.
With the teachings of the local natives, the English settlers were able achieve a successful corn harvest in November 1621. As a result of this success, Gov. William Bradford, a local colonial leader of the time, organized a large festive dinner to which the Native American tribes who aided their success were invited. This jovial occasion is recognized today as the first Thanksgiving dinner.Learn more about Thanksgiving
Most Americans acknowledge the first Thanksgiving as a meal shared by Pilgrims and Native Americans in 1621. However, the holiday was not official until declared so by Abraham Lincoln in 1863.Full Answer >
The first Thanksgiving was a three-day feast with the Pilgrims and Native Americans, held sometime between September 21 and November 11, 1621. The revised date for the Thanksgiving holiday was set in 1939 by President Roosevelt, who was pressured by retailers to give consumers additional time to shop for Christmas.Full Answer >
Squanto was a member of the Native American Patuxet tribe that resided in present-day Plymouth, Massachusetts. Little is known about his life or family prior to his first encounters with Pilgrim settlers.Full Answer >
Sacagawea was a Native American and former member of the Shoshone tribe who joined the Lewis and Clark expedition to the Pacific in the early 19th century. She was the only female to join the expedition and served as an interpreter for the group.Full Answer >