Common American New Year's dishes include black-eyed peas, pork, fish, sauerkraut, long noodles and cornbread. The traditional dishes that Americans enjoy each New Year's Day are as multicultural as the country's citizenry, reports FoodTimeline.org.
Pork is often eaten throughout America on New Year's Day based on the idea that, while cows stand still and chickens scratch backwards, pigs root forward, so diners can move forward in the coming year. Black-eyed peas symbolize good luck. Americans of German or Pennsylvania Dutch heritage often have sauerkraut with their pork. Fish is often served, as it's believed that eating it will ensure a year of bounty, and the silvery color represents coins. Long noodles are commonplace in Asian-American households, as they exemplify longevity. Greens are enjoyed due to their color, which resembles U.S. money. In the southern United States, as well as in many African-American homes throughout the nation, the New Year is often rung in with a dish called Hoppin' John, a simple stew made with black-eyed peas, rice and ham hock or bacon. On the day after New Year's, the leftover Hoppin' John becomes Skippin' Jenny to denote frugality as well as promote prosperity throughout the year. Cornbread is quite often served with the Hoppin' John as its color resembles gold.