# Hobbies & Games

Q:

## What is the origin of the claw machine?

A:

The claw games found in many modern arcades were originally steam shovels, modeled after the mechanical steam shovels that excavated the Panama Canal. Photos of work on the Panama Canal in the early 20th century popularized steam shovels, and they began to appear in picture books, as toys, on watch fobs and in arcades, digging up candy instead of Panamanian soil.

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• ## Board Games

• #### Q:How many squares are on a checkerboard?

A: A checkerboard has 64 squares. Half are light squares while the other 32 are dark squares. The board is positioned in a way so that each player has a light square on the right-side corner closest to him.
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• #### Q:How do you plan a family game night?

A: The most important part of planning a family game night is putting it on the calendar. Regularly scheduled family game nights become family rituals that build memories to last a lifetime, long after the details of the plan have been forgotten.
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• #### Q:What is Chinese chess?

A: Chinese chess, or Xiangqi, is a very popular game in the Eastern Hemisphere that is played by millions of people, mainly throughout Asia. The traditional Xiangqi board consists of 10 horizontal lines and nine vertical lines that form a grid. The vertical lines are separated in the middle so that the board appears as two grids of five horizontal lines by nine vertical lines.
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• #### Q:Which chess piece can only move diagonally?

A: Bishops are the only chess piece to only move diagonally. Another way to consider the bishop's movement is that whatever color square it starts on, it must always stay on that color.
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• #### Q:How can one make a probability board game?

A: A fun and interactive way to test your understanding of statistics in a math class is to create a probability-based board game. A probability game is any game greatly influenced by a randomizing element such as cards or dice.
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• #### Q:What are the dots on dice called?

A: The dots found on dice are called "pips." Each side of a die has a different number of pips to denote a value from one to six.
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• ## Card Games

• #### Q:Which card games can be played alone?

A: Several card games can be played alone. Almost all single-player card games are a variation of the classic game solitaire. These variations include klondike, calculation solitaire, spider solitaire, golf solitaire, free cell solitaire, la belle Lucie and pyramid solitaire.
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• #### Q:Who do the face cards represent?

A: The face cards in a deck of 52 playing cards represent royalty as depicted by French designs in the Middle Ages, according to Bicycle Cards. The French imported four-suited decks from Central Asia and created simple designs based on various historical figures. The king of hearts represented Charlemagne; the king of diamonds, Julius Caesar; king of clubs, Alexander the Great; and the king of spades, King David of the Bible.
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• #### Q:How many spades are in a 52-card deck?

A: There are 13 spades in a 52-card deck of standard playing cards. Each card in the deck is part of one of four suits: spades, hearts, diamonds or clubs. Spades and clubs are black, while diamonds and hearts are red.
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• #### Q:What are the rules of cribbage?

A: The object of cribbage is to be the first to score 61 or 121 points. A special board is required to play the game, and it is usually played by either two people or two teams of two in competition.
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• #### Q:How do you keep score in Uno?

A: In Uno, points are given to the player who first rids herself of all cards. The amount of points given depends on the amount and type of cards remaining in her opponents' hand. The first player to 500 points is the winner.
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• #### Q:What do the suits in a deck of cards represent?

A: The suits in a deck of cards represent different stations in society in 15th-century France. In the 1480s, these particular symbols were introduced in playing cards. Before that, cups, swords, batons and coins were popular. They were replaced by bells, acorns, hearts and leaves, which were green and red.
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• ## Collecting

• #### Q:Why do people collect stuff?

A: Different people have different reasons for collecting specific things, states RarityGuide.com. The most common incentives have to do with a desire to preserve memories of childhood, attempts to nurture insecurities, passion for owning celebrity memorabilia, quest for monetary gains and a sense of fulfillment or achievement. Many people collect stuff simply because they find it interesting and enjoy doing it.
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• #### Q:How do you identify German beer mugs or steins?

A: Marks found on the bottom of German beer steins help collectors identify the company or artist and date of manufacture. Collectors should also examine the underside of stein handles for marks. The material used to manufacture the stein can also help identify the beer stein's age.
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• #### Q:What are some examples of rare Matchbox cars?

A: Some examples of rare Matchbox cars are the 1961 Magirus Deutz crane, the quarry truck from 1954, the Beatnik Bandit from 1963, the 1969 Volkswagen Beach Bomb and the 40th Anniversary Hot Wheels car, among others.
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• #### Q:What are Lionel trains?

A: Lionel trains are toy electric trains originally manufactured by the Lionel Corporation. Inventor Joshua Lionel Cowen founded the corporation in 1900. The very first Lionel train was a one-off, created as a store window attraction. According to the National Toy Hall of Fame, customers soon expressed more interest in purchasing the trains than the products the toys were advertising, so Cowen began producing model trains for retail sale.
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• #### Q:How do you clean old porcelain dolls?

A: Old porcelain dolls can be cleaned by washing their bodies and hair with soap and water. Mild household cleaners can also be used to remove stains. Washable clothing can be hand washed in plain water or with a mild detergent. Unwashable clothing can be dusted with a soft brush or with light vacuuming.
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• #### Q:How do you tell if something is made of real tortoise shell?

A: To identify real tortoiseshell from material substitutes, apply a hot pin to a hidden spot. If the smell resulting from the hot pin smells similar to burned hair and a black spot develops, the item is likely real tortoiseshell; however, if the burning smells like plastic, then it is not.
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• ## Contests & Gambling

• #### Q:What is a penny ante?

A: Penny ante is a poker term, referring to a game in which every player must put a penny in the kitty in order to participate in a round. It is also used as a way of calling something paltry or insignificant.
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• #### Q:Does three of a kind beat a straight in poker?

A: Three of a kind (three cards of matching face value, such as three 7's) does not beat a straight (five cards of any suit in sequential order) in poker. A straight hand will supersede a three of a kind in any potential scenario.
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• #### Q:How many chips do you start with in the World Series of Poker Main Event?

A: Each player's chip count at the Main Event of the World Series of Poker is determined by the amount of chips that he or she has earned during the proceeding days of the tournament. Over 26 million chips separate the top and bottom players in the 2014 Main Event.
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• #### Q:How does a reverse raffle work?

A: In a reverse raffle, every ticket in the raffle pool is drawn and the winner of the raffle is the individual whose ticket number corresponds with the final ticket drawn from the pool. Reverse raffles are a popular activity for charity events. Tickets are sold for a fee and the proceeds go to the charity.